Curve, Magnetization - definition

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Curve, Magnetization - definition



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A characteristic curve of an electromagnet, indicating the relation of magnetization to exciting current. Laying off on the axis of ordinates the quantities of magnetism evoked, and the corresponding strengths of the exciting current on the axis of abscissas, the curve can be plotted. It first rises rapidly, indicating a rapid increase of magnetization, but grows nearly horizontal as the iron becomes more saturated. The effect due to the coils alone, or the effect produced in the absence of iron is a straight line, because air does not change in permeability. Curve of Distribution of Potential in Armature. A characteristic curve indicating the distribution of potential difference between adjoining sections of the commutator of an armature in different positions all around it. The potential differences are taken by a volt-meter or potential galvanometer, connection with the armature being made by two small metal brushes, held at a distance apart equal to the distance from centre to centre of two adjoining commutator bars. The curve is laid out as if by polar co-ordinates extending around the cross-section of the commutator, with the distances from the commutator surface to the curve proportional to the potential differences as determined by shifting the pair of brushes all around the commutator. The above is S. P. Thompson's method. Another method of W. M. Mordey involves the use of a pilot brush. (See Brush, Pilot.) Otherwise the method is in general terms identical with the above. Fig. 124. MAGNETIZATION CURVE. Fig. 125. ARMATURE: CURVE. Fig. 126. DEVELOPMENT OF ARMATURE CURVE.



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