Proyección cilíndrica - definition

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Proyección cilíndrica - definition



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Una proyección cilíndrica es una proyección geográfica que usa un cilindro tangente a la esfera terrestre, colocado de tal manera que el paralelo de contacto es el ecuador. La malla de meridianos y paralelos se dibuja proyectándolos sobre el cilindro suponiendo un foco de luz que se encuentra en el centro del globo. El cilindro sí es una figura geométrica que pueda desarrollarse en un plano. La más famosa es la proyección de Mercator que revolucionó a la cartografía. En ella se proyecta el globo terrestre sobre un cilindro. Es una de las más utilizadas aun cuando por lo general en forma modificada, debido a las grandes distorsiones que ofrece en las zonas de latitud elevada, cosa que impide apreciar en sus verdaderas proporciones a las regiones polares.

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proyecci%C3%B3n%20cil%C3%ADndrica



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