Faraón - definition

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Faraón - definition



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Máxima autoridad política del Antiguo Egipto. El primero fue Menes, quien gobernó en fecha imprecisa hacia el año 3100 a.C., y la última fue Cleopatra VII, quien gobernó entre los años 49 y 31 a.C.

El nombre "faraón" deriva de la palabra egipcia "par-o", que significa "casa grande". Así, pues, faraón era inicialmente la residencia que ocupaba el rey, pasando después a designar a la autoridad misma.

Los primeros faraones eran considerados divinos, e hijos del dios Ra, encarnación del Sol, y llevaban la doble corona del Alto y del Bajo Egipto. Su voluntad era sagrada, porque ellos eran los depositarios en la tierra del maat, la justicia universal que impera en todas partes (según la mentalidad egipcia). Tan divino era el faraón, que solamente sus hermanas carnales podían ser sus esposas legítimas, ya que eran de su misma sangre sagrada (aunque esto no les impedía tener numerosas concubinas).

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fara%C3%B3n



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