liability - definition

Create account
Where to search:
Thesaurus


Dictionaries » Dictionary of Law » L »

liability - definition



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
(Non-alphabetical character)


liability Search for pronunciation examples


n. one of the most significant words in the field of law, liability means legal responsibility for one's acts or omissions. Failure of a person or entity to meet that responsibility leaves him/her/it open to a lawsuit for any resulting damages or a court order to perform (as in a breach of contract or violation of statute). In order to win a lawsuit the suing party (plaintiff) must prove the legal liability of the defendant if the plaintiff's allegations are shown to be true. This requires evidence of the duty to act, the failure to fulfill that duty and the connection (proximate cause) of that failure to some injury or harm to the plaintiff. Liability also applies to alleged criminal acts in which the defendant may be responsible for his/her acts which constitute a crime, thus making him/her subject to conviction and punishment. Example: Jack Jumpstart runs a stop sign in his car and hits Sarah Stepforth as she is crossing in the cross-walk. Jack has a duty of care to Sarah (and the public) which he breaches by his negligence, and therefore has liability for Sarah's injuries, giving her the right to bring a lawsuit against him. However, Jack's father owns the automobile and he, too, may have liability to Sarah based on a statute which makes a car owner liable for any damages caused by the vehicle he owns. The father's responsibility is based on "statutory liability" even though he personally breached no duty. A signer of a promissory note has liability for money due if it is not paid and so would a co-signer who guarantees it. A contractor who has agreed to complete a building has liability to the owner if he fails to complete on time. See also: contract joint liability joint tortfeasors negligence



Permanent link to this page: http://www.diclib.com/cgi-bin/d1.cgi?l=en&base=en_law&page=showid&id=1344


Learn foreign languages chatting with us!

  • max, 31
    Russian Federation, Moscow
    Native language: Russian
    Foreign language: English, Japanese, French
    max
  • Gisela Martinez, 21
    Colombia, Bogota
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: Spanish
    Gisela Mar...
  • Jonnhy Frairin, 18
    Mexico, Distrito Federal
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Soy Divertido, Socialble : v
    Jonnhy Fra...
  • Celi Barboza, 19
    Argentina, San Juan
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Celi Barbo...
  • Elsa Ines Orsi, 74
    Argentina, Balcarce
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Elsa Ines ...
  • Anna_EnglishProf, 35
    Russian Federation, Усинск, Екатеринбург
    Native language: Russian, English
    Foreign language: Spanish, German, Dutch
    Anna_Engli...
  • madelen, 49
    France, Montpellier
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: French
    madelen
  • Juli, 39
    Russian Federation, Novorossiysk
    Native language: Russian
    Foreign language: Spanish
    Yo trabajo como analista financiero. En mi tiempo libre me encanta la pesca, la lectura. Me gusta dibujar y cantar, pero lo hago mal. Ahora está tratando de aprender español.
    Juli
  • gretel, 31
    Guatemala, Quetzaltenango
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    gretel
  • andreina urbina, 19
    Venezuela, Caracas
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    andreina u...
  • Cesar Edwin Ramirez , 29
    Colombia, Bogota
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English, German, French
    Cesar Edwi...
  • Jose Manuel, 49
    El Salvador, San Salvador
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Trabajo en mantener infraestructuras en centro de computo y también me gusta y tengo un taller de reparación de vehículos. Me relación con muchos términos técnicos en ambos ambientes y necesito aprender el idioma ingles lo mas pronto posible.
    Jose Manue...
  • darwin itzep, 19
    Guatemala, Peten
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    darwin itz...
  • Albotero, 55
    Colombia, Bogotá
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English, French, German
    Albotero
  • OCTAVIO SOUZA, 56
    Mexico, Ciudad De México, D.F.
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: French
    Escribo y me gusta escribir cuentos y relatos en español en mis tiempos libres. Por desgracia no me atrevo aún a escribir en francés; aunque en un futuro no muy lejano tal vez lo haga. Con este fin fue que me inscribí en este portal y, sobre todo, para enriquecer mi léxico, mi vocabulario, etc., auxiliándome, además, en la utilización de los diversos diccionarios y enciclopedias que se manejan en el sitio. Me interesa sobremanera el famoso y consabido Diccionario de María Moliner, que es el que más uso. Soy mexicano y vivo al sur de la ciudad de México, con una fuerte influencia y admiración hacia la cultura y civilización gala desde niño... ¡ Bienvenidos todos aquellos que amen el español y el francés tal como yo! ¡ Bienvenidos todos aquellos que gusten de las culturas y civilizaciones iberoamericanas y, sobre todo, que les plazca y que gusten de mi hermoso y maravilloso país!
    OCTAVIO SO...
  • Александр, 30
    Russian Federation, Краснодар
    Native language: Russian
    Foreign language: Russian
    Александр
  • Nelson Arevalo, 43
    Venezuela, Caracas
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Nelson Are...
  • adriana, 23
    Peru, Lima
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: Spanish, Spanish
    adriana
  • welington lebron, 38
    Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English, Italian
    welington ...
  • Sylvia, 27
    Cuba, Santa Clara
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Sylvia