liability - definition

Create account
Where to search:
Thesaurus


Dictionaries » Dictionary of Law » L »

liability - definition



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
(Non-alphabetical character)


liability


n. one of the most significant words in the field of law, liability means legal responsibility for one's acts or omissions. Failure of a person or entity to meet that responsibility leaves him/her/it open to a lawsuit for any resulting damages or a court order to perform (as in a breach of contract or violation of statute). In order to win a lawsuit the suing party (plaintiff) must prove the legal liability of the defendant if the plaintiff's allegations are shown to be true. This requires evidence of the duty to act, the failure to fulfill that duty and the connection (proximate cause) of that failure to some injury or harm to the plaintiff. Liability also applies to alleged criminal acts in which the defendant may be responsible for his/her acts which constitute a crime, thus making him/her subject to conviction and punishment. Example: Jack Jumpstart runs a stop sign in his car and hits Sarah Stepforth as she is crossing in the cross-walk. Jack has a duty of care to Sarah (and the public) which he breaches by his negligence, and therefore has liability for Sarah's injuries, giving her the right to bring a lawsuit against him. However, Jack's father owns the automobile and he, too, may have liability to Sarah based on a statute which makes a car owner liable for any damages caused by the vehicle he owns. The father's responsibility is based on "statutory liability" even though he personally breached no duty. A signer of a promissory note has liability for money due if it is not paid and so would a co-signer who guarantees it. A contractor who has agreed to complete a building has liability to the owner if he fails to complete on time. See also: contract joint liability joint tortfeasors negligence



Permanent link to this page: http://www.diclib.com/cgi-bin/d1.cgi?l=en&base=en_law&page=showid&id=1344


Learn foreign languages chatting with us!

  • johnny teran, 25
    Ecuador, Portoviejo
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    johnny ter...
  • Francisco Guevara, 59
    Mexico, Mexico
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    I like to write, to play guitar and the keyboard, to sing... to live happy. I like to chat with all kind of people about everything. I like to exchange points of view about everything. What about you?
    Francisco ...
  • Celi Barboza, 16
    Argentina, San Juan
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Celi Barbo...
  • Victor
    Russian Federation, Moscow
    Native language: Russian
    Foreign language: Spanish, English
    Hi there!
    Victor
  • manuel turcios, 65
    El Salvador, San Salvador
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    manuel tur...
  • Ripai, 45
    El Salvador, Chalchuapa
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Soy agrónomo y le puedo ayudar a dar consejos de agricultura, si conozco del tema
    Ripai
  • Milena, 38
    Colombia, Bogotã¡
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Soy Diseñadora de vestidos de baño. Me gusta ir a cine , bailar y conocer personas . Soy muy sociable y amable.
    Milena
  • ROSANGELA, 30
    Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    ROSANGELA
  • MARCO VINICIO, 28
    Ecuador, Latacunga
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    MARCO VINI...
  • diana, 29
    Peru, Lima
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    diana
  • ELMER, 41
    Guatemala, Guatemala City
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: Spanish
    OK. PUES SOY TRANQUILO. SOY CRISTIANO Y TENGO 3 MARAVILLOSOS HIJOS, SOY DIVORCIADO Y ME ENCANTA CONOCER PERSONAS. ME GUSTARIA CONOCER GENTE DE OTROS PAISES Y SABER QUE PIENSAN DE JESUCRISTO Y DE LAS PRUEBAS QUE HAN SUPERADO. BENDICIONES
    ELMER
  • Sunrich Fireworks Pyrotechnics фейерверк, 26
    China, Liuyang
    Native language: Chinese Simplified, English
    Foreign language: Russian
    Sunrich Fi...
  • oneida yin francisco , 26
    Dominican Republic, La Romana
    Native language: English
    Foreign language: English
    oneida yin...
  • Zulfat, 22
    Russian Federation, Kazan
    Native language: Russian
    Foreign language: English
    Zulfat
  • daniel, 16
    Venezuela, Miranda
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: Spanish
    daniel
  • Nomada602, 19
    Argentina, Buenos Aires
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Nomada602
  • Max, 34
    Russian Federation, Казань
    Native language: Russian
    Foreign language: English, Italian, Ukrainian, German
    Max
  • Fernando, 18
    Ecuador, Quito
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: English
    Fernando
  • Vladimir Ilyin, 57
    Russian Federation, Moscow
    Native language: Russian
    Foreign language: Portuguese, French, Spanish
    Vladimir I...
  • Gisela Martinez, 19
    Colombia, Bogota
    Native language: Spanish
    Foreign language: Spanish
    Gisela Mar...